Since Keurig’s K-Cup coffee system arrived on the market in the late ‘90s, single-serve coffee makers have exploded in popularity. In fiscal year 2013 alone, Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, owner of the Keurig Company since 2006, sold over $827 million worth of brewers and other accessories, more than double its sales just three years before.
While the convenience and variety afforded by single-serve coffee systems is celebrated by many, the appliance’s darker side—the mountains of unrecyclable waste that result from its use—is equally abhorred by environmentalists and others concerned about the impacts of on-demand coffee. To put this waste into perspective, John Sylvan, the system’s creator, has himself estimated that a single K-Cup machine can create ten times more waste than a conventional drip brewer, and in fact now notes regretting his invention.
The environmental cost of landfilling or incinerating all of that valuable plastic has been widely discussed, but one element which has received less attention is the loss of valuable coffee grounds, which if collected, could create millions of tons of nutrient rich compost. Rich in nitrogen (energy used by bacteria to break down food waste), coffee grounds are a valuable addition to a compost pile and can even be added directly to indoor plants and gardens, if done properly.
In 2013, roughly 10 billion individual K-Cup packs were sold. At about 2 tablespoons of ground coffee per K-Cup, we’re talking about 20 billion tablespoons, or over 67 million gallons of waste coffee grounds every year! Yikes. That’s a lot of waste and a lot of valuable compost.
Fortunately, more and more sustainable alternatives have been popping up on the market that allow you to keep using your single-serve system (and enjoying that hot cup of coffee when you want it) while reducing plastic waste and capturing the used coffee grounds for compost.
Here are five greener single-serve alternatives worth checking out.
1. Reusable Filters: Keurig’s own reusable filter is a great option. It is compatible with the majority of Keurig’s machines, and at $14.99 you will redeem your purchase in no time. Another popular reusable filter is the Eko-Brew. This single-piece system ranges from $8 for their classic plastic model to about $20 for a stainless steel model.
2. Recyclable K-Cups: New England favorite Dean’s Beans has launched a fully recyclable, #5 plastic K-Cup alternative, packed with their organic and fair trade coffee. A pack of 12 costs $8.99. Crazy Cups out of Brooklyn, N.Y., also makes a recyclable K-Cup, but it needs to be disassembled by the user. They run about $1.30 per cup. But before you order, check to see if #5 plastics are recyclable in your area.
3. Biodegradable and Compostable K-Cups: iGreenPod, a start-up in Portland, Oregon, is offering biodegradable (and compostable, but not yet certified compostable) K-Cup alternatives filled with a variety of coffees. The pods come in boxes of 16 and are available in a variety of flavors for $15-$16. Canada’s Canterbury Coffee, under its OneCoffee label, and Swiss coffee company AG, working with chemical company BASF, both launched partially compostable K-Cups last year. Unfortunately, neither is available for purchase in the U.S. yet. But stay tuned as both are working to expand their product market.
4. Coffee Pods: New Hampshire Coffee has designed a 100% compostable coffee pod system of its own. The pods look like oversized tea bags and can be used in New Hampshire Coffee’s own system or can be used in a Keurig systems with the purchase of their Pod Holster. After brewing, the pods can be tossed into the compost with no disassembly, but they do come individually wrapped, so there is still some waste. Pods come in 18-count sleeves and cost $9.
5. All-in-one K-Cup-free single-serve systems: If you don’t already own a Keurig system, there are several K-Cup-free systems that brew single-serve coffee on demand. Breville’s You Brew system, for example, allows you to brew one cup at a time or up to a 12-cup pot. The system has a holding tank for whole beans, which then get ground on demand for whatever size cup or pot you select. You Brew Systems cost between $230 and $250. Cuisinart makes a similar Coffee On Demand 12-Cup Programmable Coffee Maker using a reusable mesh filter for $99.95. These systems may seem like a big investment up front, but even the most conservative estimates out there show that K-Cup coffee costs two to five times as much as regular drip coffee.
There’s no question that on-demand coffee is a nice convenience, but it doesn’t have to come at the expense of the environment. Once you’ve made the switch, make sure to compost those grounds! Here’s a handy guide on various ways to compost and use coffee grounds. For once, you can have your coffee and even “eat it” too!
Director of Programs, Sustainable America